One of the largest-scale floating solar power plants in Japan was damaged by strong winds and high waves that seemed to be caused by Typhoon No 9 Aug 22, 2016.
The mega (large-scale) solar power plant, "Kawajima Taiyo-to-Shizen-no-Megumi Solar Park," has an output of about 7.55MW and is located in Kawajima-machi (town), Saitama Prefecture, Japan.
Among mounting systems floating on the water surface and solar panels mounted on them, 152 panels (41.8kW in total) were damaged by surrounding floating mounting systems that were lifted up, etc.
The mega solar plant started operations Oct 26, 2015, by using the water surface of the "Umenoki Furugori Water Reservoir," an agricultural reservoir being maintained by a land improvement district of Kawajima-machi. The surface area of the reservoir is about 130,000m2, and 27,456 solar panels were fixed on the floating mounting systems.
The solar panel is a monocrystalline silicon type (275W) manufactured by Yingli Green Energy Holding Co Ltd, and the floating mounting system is a product of France-based Ciel&Terre International.
According to data of Japan Meteorological Agency, a maximum instantaneous wind speed higher than 20m was recorded in the southern area of Saitama Prefecture, where Kawajima-machi is located, from 15:00 to 16:00 on August 22 due to Typhoon No 9. Because strong winds came from the northwest, west-northwest and west, the west side of the floating solar power plant was probably lifted up by strong winds and high waves, flipping over the mounting systems.
Two rows of the west "rim" were turned over and placed on the adjacent two rows of solar panels, damaging a wide area.