Crystal growth in c-axis direction
IGZO is an oxide semiconductor. Sharp has been mass-producing an LCD panel that is for tablet computers and uses amorphous IGZO TFTs as driver elements at its Kameyama Plant No. 2 since March 2012. The carrier mobility of the amorphous IGZO TFT is 20 to 50 times higher than that of an amorphous silicon (Si) TFT, which is used for TVs, etc. And its leak current in the off-state is 1/100. As a result, it can realize a (1) higher resolution, (2) lower power consumption and (3) higher touch panel performance, compared with an LCD panel driven by amorphous Si TFTs, the company said (See related article).
In addition, the amorphous IGZO TFT enables volume production with a glass substrate as large as that used for amorphous Si TFTs.
Sharp said that it is possible to further improve the carrier mobility and the leak current in the off-state by increasing the crystallinity of the IGZO TFT. For example, the leak current at a temperature of 85°C can be reduced to 100yA/μm (y (yocto): 10-24) or less, said Shunpei Yamazaki, president of SEL. He also said that the variation of I-V characteristics in response to light irradiation can be reduced.
By taking advantage of those characteristics and combining the IGZO TFT with crystalline Si-based semiconductors, it becomes possible to realize the best performance ever in applications other than display such as memory, image sensor and CPU, Yamazaki said.
Sharp and SEL developed a technology for crystal growth of an IGZO layer in the c-axis direction. The IGZO has a hexagonal crystal structure when seen from the direction of the c-axis and a layered crystal structure when seen from the direction perpendicular to the c-axis. The two companies call the crystal structure "CAAC (C-Axis Aligned Crystal)."
Though they did not reveal the details of the manufacturing process, Yamazaki said, "The crystal grows by applying an annealing process after forming an amorphous IGZO layer. We have know-how related to the processing conditions." The basic manufacturing processes for the new IGZO TFT are the same as those for existing amorphous IGZO TFTs, Sharp said.
Sharp and SEL will announce the details of the new technology at the 2012 SID International Symposium, Seminar & Exhibition (SID 2012), the world's largest academic conference on display technologies, which runs from June 3 to 8, 2012, in Boston, the US (thesis number 9.2, 27.4, etc).